Four standards must be in place in order for a school to practice inclusion or have an inclusive environment:
With the cooperation of the parent, and suggestions from the treating physician or specialist, the teacher should develop an Individual Education Plan that includes specific and clear behavioral objectives, the positive/negative consequences, and the purpose of each strategy.
The classroom teacher should make adjustments that create a more “even” level of stimulation with time to adjust between high excitement activities and calm activities. Rules should be clear for all students with regular discussions about rules and consequences.
There must be flexibility and interest in the classroom. Distractions should be limited and additional support may be necessary on days when excitement is high and distractions frequent.
Programs that have an inclusion philosophy do not look any different from a program that provides high quality, developmentally appropriate care to all children.
Inclusive programs include children with and without disabilities. Working with all children at their developmental level, recognizing their strengths and areas of need, then modifying wherever needed is a characteristic of high quality care.
Inclusion benefits not only the individual child with special needs, but also the children who are that child’s peers. Children in inclusive programs:
Families of children are given positive encouragement to continue developing interpersonal relationships with their child’s peers and other families. Inclusion also helps families to:
Teachers and schools additionally have benefits of being in an inclusive environment which include:
As a professional educator, it is your responsibility to provide quality care and instruction to all children in your classroom regardless of whether they have special needs or are typically developed. To do so, you must:
This is what teaching is all about. Meeting children where they are and helping them move forward. For more information about working with children with special needs, visit the Early Childhood Intervention Services website, or you can visit the Collaborative for Children online training siteto take a one-hour training in inclusive care titled “A Classroom Where Everyone Belongs.”
Dodge, D.T. (1993). Places for all children: Building environments for differing needs. Child Care Exchange.
Copple, C. & Bredekamp, S. (Eds.) (2009). Developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs serving from birth through age 8. Washington, D.C.: NAEYC.
McGuire, M. (2010). A Classroom Where Everyone Belongs. Miller, Frederick A. and Katz, Judith H. (2002). The Inclusion Breakthrough: Unleashing the Real Power of Diversity. San Francisco: BerrettKoehler Publishers
What is a Speech Pathologist and What Do They Do? Houston ENT & Allergy ClinicEarly Childhood Intervention Services